Containers are the larger wholes in which a source is located. Here are some examples:
|Individual poem||Collection of poems|
|Individual episode||TV series|
The title of the container is usually italicized and followed by a comma because the information that follows next describes the container. In the following examples, the containers are in bold.
Kincaid, Jamaica. "Girl." The Vintage Book of Contemporary American Short Stories, edited by Tobias Wolff, Vintage, 1994, pp. 306-07.
The Future of the Book,
Sources that have two containers can be things such as an article found on a database, in which the first container is the name of the larger whole, such as a journal. The second container is the database where you found the article.
Ellingsen, Eric. “In the Listenings: The Gold Waxes.” World Literature Today, vol. 89, no. 1, 2015, pp. 30-32. JSTOR, doi:10.7588/worllitetoda.89.1.0030.
Langhamer, Claire. “Love and Courtship in Mid-Twentieth-Century England.” Historical Journal, vol. 50, no. 1, 2007, pp.173-96. ProQuest, doi:10.1017/S0018246X06005966. Accessed 27 May 2009.
All entries should be DOUBLE SPACED and the second and any subsequent lines should be indented one-half inch (5 spaces). Alphabetize your list by the authors' last names. If you have more than one entry for an author, the entries should be arranged by date, beginning with the earliest.
Author’s Last name, First name. “Title of the article.” Title of the container, First name Last name of any other
contributors (if applicable), Version (if applicable), Numbers (such as a volume and issue number),
Publisher, Publication date, Page numbers. Title of the database, URL or DOI. Date of Access.
Brian, Real, et al. “Rural Public Libraries and Digital Inclusion: Issues and Challenges.” Information and
Technology Libraries, vol. 33, no. 1, American Library Association, Mar. 2014, pp. 6-24. ProQuest,
accountid=35635. Accessed 5 Oct. 2016.
All of this information can be found in the database where you found the article or in the pages of the article itself (check at the beginning and the very end).
Journal Article - One Author
Author’s Last name, First name. “Title of the article.” Title of the journal, First name Last name of any other contributors (if
applicable), Version (if applicable), Numbers (such as a volume and issue number), Publisher, Publication date, Page
numbers. Title of the database, URL or DOI.
Asafu-Adjaye, Prince. “Private Returns on Education in Ghana: Estimating the Effects of Education on Employability in
Ghana.” African Sociological Review, vol. 16, no. 1, CODESRIA, 2012, pp. 120-138. JSTOR,
Stevens Ruth S., et. al. “Self-Service Holds in Libraries: Is Patron Privacy Being Sacrificed for Patron
Convenience?” Reference & User Services Quarterly, vol. 52, no. 1, American Library Association, Fall 2012, pp. 33-
34. JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/refuseserq.52.1.33. Accessed 5 Oct. 2016.
Journal Article - Two Authors
Zhang, H., and K. Merikangas. "A frailty model of segregation analysis: understanding the familial transmission of
alcoholism." Biometrics, vol. 56, no. 3, 2000, pp. 815-823. www.biometrics.tibs.org/. Accessed 5 Oct. 2016.
Journal Article - Three or More Authors
Faden, R. R., et al. "Public stem cell banks: Stem cell research and therapy". The Hastings Center Report, vol. 33 no.6,
2003, pp. 13-27. www.thehastingscenter.org/Publications/HCR/Default.aspx. Accessed 5 Oct. 2016.
Book in a Database
Cateforis, Theodore. Are We Not New Wave? Modern Pop at the Turn of the 1980s. University of Michigan Press,
2011. Project Muse, muse.jhu.edu.i.ezproxy.nypl.org/book/2441.
Author's Last name, First name. "Title of Article." Title of Periodical, Date of publication, pages.
Poniewozik, James. "TV Makes a Too-Close Call." Time, 20 Nov. 2000, pp. 70-71.
Author’s Last name, First name. “Title of the article.” Title of the newspaper, First name Last name of any other
contributors, Version, Numbers, Date of publication, pages.
Newspaper Article in a Database
JOURNAL or MAGAZINE?
Before citing from a periodical, you need to determine if the article is from a magazine or a scholarly journal. There are two general clues to look to in order to make this determination:Frequency of publication. Journals are more likely to be monthly, bi-monthly, or quarterly publications. If the periodical is published weekly, then it is a magazine and not a journal.
Examine your article and determine if it is a magazine article or not. Remember, book reviews and newspaper articles are cited differently than both magazine and journal articles.
Other Important Information: