MLA Style Guide

Find examples and information about how to cite WEBSITES in your writing

8th Edition: What's New

  • Strongly recommends including the URL in your citation.  
  • Recommends including the date of access to your citation, especially when there is no copyright date listed.
  • Allows pseudonyms for author names.
  • ​Requires the abbreviations vol. and no. to magazine and journal article citations.
  • No longer requires publication type (Print, Web, etc.) listed for each Works Cited entry.  
  • No longer requires the city of publication in your Works Cited entry. 

MLA Style Basics

Use these basic guidelines when preapring your final draft:

  • Paper: Prefer white, 8-1/2 by 11-inch paper.
  • Margins: Use one-inch margins all around.
  • Spacing: Double-space throughout.
  • Paragraphing: Indent the first word of each paragraph 5 spaces (1/2 inch) from the left margin. Indent long quotes (those more than 4-lines/40 words) 5 spaces from left margin.
  • Font: Choose a clean 12-point font.
  • Titles (books, periodicals, films, etc.) are italicized.

General Guidelines: WEBSITES

Basic Style for Citations of Electronic Sources (Including Online Databases)

Here are some common features you should try and find before citing electronic sources. Not every site will provide all of the following information. However, collect as much of the following information as possible both for your citations and for your research notes:

  • Author and/or editor names (if available)
  • Article name in quotation marks.
  • Title of the website, project, or book in italics.
  • Any version numbers available, including editions (ed.), revisions, posting dates, volumes (vol.), or issue numbers (no.).
  • Publisher information, including the publisher name and publishing date.
  • Take note of any page numbers (p. or pp.) or paragraph numbers (par. or pars.).
  • Date you accessed the material (Date Accessed).
  • URL (without the https://), DOI, or permalink.
  • Remember to include containers in your references. Examples of containers are collections of short stories or poems, a television series, or even a website. A container is anything that includes smaller pieces or works.


Author’s Last name, First name. “Title of the Article or Individual Page.” Title of Website, Name of the publisher, Date of publication, URL.


Works Cited List

Section of a

"Athlete's Foot - Topic Overview." WebMD, 25 Sept. 2014,

Entire website

Felluga, Dino. Guide to Literary and Critical Theory. Purdue U, 28 Nov.
2003, Accessed 10 May 2006.

Social Media Tips:

Source MLA 8th Edition

@Username. "Full text of tweet." Twitter, Day month year posted, time posted, URL.

@libechillbro. "Root beer floats are in honor of National Library Week, and we'll be handing them out from 2:30-4:30 this afternoon." Twitter, 18 June 2013, 4:39 PM,


Lastname, Firstname [or username or page name]. "first several words of a facebook post..." Facebook, Day month year posted, time posted [if available], URL.

Penguin, Oscar. "Root beer floats are in honor of National Library Week..." Facebook, 18 Apr 2013,


Lastname, Firstname [or single username]. "Title of YouTube Video." Publishing Website, Day month year posted, URL.

Penguin, Oscar. "Root Beer Floats." YouTube, 18 Apr 2013,


Lastname, Firstname [or single username]. (handle). "First several words of Instagram post (if any)..." Instagram, Day month year posted, URL.

libechillbro. "Root beer floats are in honor of National Library Week…" Instagram, 18 Apr 2013,

Blog Post

LastnameFirstname [or single username]. "Title of Blog Post." Name of Blog or Website, Organization Responsible for Publishing Content, Day month year posted, URL. 

Smith, Mary. “Volunteering with the Aging.” New York Public Library, 29 May 2015,

Email  Lastname, First name of email's author. "Email Title." The Receiver of the email , Day month year of email. 

Smith, Mary. "Re: Hello." Received by Bob Conner, 30 Mar. 2015.

Gould Library Research Guides (10/24/16)

NB: Always be sure to use a hanging indent when adding citations to your Works Cited page or any formal references list (i.e., indent the second and any subsequent lines). 

@ the Library

Digital Object Identifiers

What is a DOI?

 A digital object identifier is a unique alphanumeric string assigned by the International DOI Foundation to identify content (e.g., book, article, paper, image) and provide a persistent link to its location online. 

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