APA Style Guide

Find examples and information about how to cite ARTICLES in your writing.

What Is It?


Before citing from a periodical, you need to determine if the article is from a magazine or a scholarly journal. There are two general clues to look to in order to make this determination:

Frequency of publication. Journals are more likely to be monthly, bi-monthly, or quarterly publications. If the periodical is published weekly, then it is a magazine and not a journal.
Pagination. Magazines are generally paginated by issue (i.e. with each new issue the page numbers start over with number one). Scholarly journals are paginated consecutively throughout the volume year. Page numbering does not begin with number one again until the first issue of the next volume year.

Examine your article and determine if it is a magazine article or not. Remember, book reviews and newspaper articles are cited differently than both magazine and journal articles.

Other Important Information:

  1. If the page numbers of each issue begins with page 1, include the issue number in parentheses.
  2. If each issue begins with the next consecutive page number from the last issue, do NOT include the number.

More Information: See pages 198-202 of the APA 6th edition for additional info about articles and periodicals.

General Guidelines: ARTICLES

All entries should be DOUBLE SPACED and the second and any subsequent lines should be indented one-half inch. Alphabetize your list by the authors' last names. If you have more than one entry for an author, the entries should be arranged by date, beginning with the earliest.

Basic Format for ARTICLES:

Last Name, First Initial (followed by a period) Middle Initial (if available, followed by a period). (YEAR of publication in parentheses followed by a period). The TITLE of the article (in sentence-case, which means only the first word and Proper Nouns are capitalized, followed by a period). TITLE of the periodical (in italics and in title-case, followed by a COMMA), VOLUME NUMBER (also in italics) and the (ISSUE NUMBER), (in parentheses and followed by a COMMA), PAGE NUMBERS (followed by a period). Retrieved from URL (If the article came from an electronic source, include the website of the publication or database where you found it).

All of this information can be found in the database where you found the article (look for the Detailed Record) or in the pages of the article itself (check at the beginning and the very end).


Basic Format for Periodicals

Last Name, F. M., Last Name 2, F. M., & Last Name 3, F. M. (YEAR). Title of article. Title of Periodical, Volume Number(Issue Number), page numbers. Retrieved from . . . 

Journal Article - One Author

Fonjong, L. (2001). Fostering women’s participation in development through non-governmental efforts in Cameroon. The Geographical Journal, 167(3), 223-234. Retrieved from http://www.wiley.com/bw/journal.asp?ref=0016-7398

Journal Article - Two Authors

Zhang, H., & Merikangas, K. (2000). A frailty model of segregation analysis: Understanding the familial transmission of alcoholism. Biometrics, 56(3), 815-823. Retrieved from http://www.biometrics.tibs.org/

Journal Article - Three to Seven Authors

Skov, M. W., Hartnoll, R. G., Ruwa, R. K., Shunula, J. P., Vannini, M., & Cannicci, S. (2005). Marching to a different drummer: Crabs synchronize reproduction to a 14-month lunar-tidal cycle. Ecology, 86(5), 1164-1171. Retrieved from http://www.esajournals.org/loi/ecol

Journal Article - Eight or More Authors

Faden, R. R., Dawson, L., Bateman-House, A. S., Agnew, D. M., Bok, H., Brock, D. W., . . . Gearhart, J. D. (2003). Public stem cell banks: Stem cell research and therapy. The Hastings Center Report, 33(6), 13-27. Retrieved from http://www.thehastingscenter.org/Publications/HCR/Default.aspx

Magazine Article

Adler, J. (2007, March 5). How to design a healthier planet. Newsweek, 66. Retrieved from http://www.newsweek.com/

Newspaper Article [APA Guidelines for newspapers use p. or pp. before the numbers]

Schultz, S. (2005, December 28). Calls made to strengthen state energy policies. The Country Today, pp. 1A, 2A. 

Nowak, R. (2007, March 6). Older moms: Births for U. S. women 40-44 years old rise 70 percent between 1991-2000. The Buffalo News. Retrieved from http://www.buffalonews.com/

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