APA Style Guide

Find examples and information about how to cite websites and other internet sources in your writing.

General Guidelines: WEBSITES

Basic Style for Citations of Electronic Sources (Including Online Databases)

Here are some common features you should try and find before citing electronic sources in APA style. Not every page will provide everything, however, collect as much of the following information as possible both for your citations and for your research notes:

  • Author and/or editor names (if available)
  • Name of article (if applicable)
  • Title of the site
  • Publication date
  • Date you accessed the material
  • URL

Remember, if you refer to an entire website, you do not need to include an entry for it in your reference list, but you must identify the source clearly in the text of your paper. For example: The Sea Turtle Restoration Project presents a wealth of compelling, well-researched information on the struggle to save the world's sea turtles from extinction (http://www.seaturtles.org).


Entire Website
When citing an entire website, it is sufficient to give the address of the website in the text of your paper. Example: The Jack C. Taylor Library homepage presents a wealth of resources to help students meet their research needs (http://www.library.fontbonne.edu/home).

Article on a Website

Name of website. (Date). Title of individual article. Retrieved month day year, from URL

Wetlands Restoration Project. (2003). Atlantic global marsh thrives under new protection. Retrieved April 21, 2013, from http://www.wetlands.org/atlantic_global_marsh.html

Web Page With No Author

New child vaccine gets funding boost. (2001). Retrieved April 21, 2013, from http://news.ninemsn.com.au/health/story_13718.asp

Government Document Online

National Institute of Health. (2009). Depression: The silent killer (NIH Publication No. 08-3571). Retrieved April 21, 2013, from http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/depression/index.pdf

YouTube Video / Video Blog Post**

Lustig, R. H. (2009, July 30). Sugar: The bitter truth [Video file]. Retrieved April 21, 2013, from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dBnniua6-oM

**If author’s full name is not provided, you can use the screenname of the person posting the video.

Blog Post

Greenslate, C., & Leonard, K. (2009, October 10). Stephanie Smith, differences in aid, and Paul Farmer [Web log post]. Retrieved April 21, 2013, from http://onedollardietproject.wordpress.com/


Psychometric analysis. (n.d.). Retrieved April 21, 2013, from the Psych Wiki: http://wiki.com/wiki/Psychometric_analysis


Coulter, D. (Producer). (2009, October 7). Microwaving water from moondust @NASA. Podcast. [Audio podcast]. Retrieved April 21, 2013, from http://science.nasa.gov

@ the Library: eBooks

Digital Object Identifiers

What is a DOI?

 A digital object identifier is a unique alphanumeric string assigned by the International DOI Foundation to identify content (e.g., book, article, paper, image) and provide a persistent link to its location online.

Some databases like PsychARTICLES and PsychINFO will include DOI's with references when available. You can also look for them on the first page of printed articles, usually with the copyright statement. You should include the DOI at the end of your reference preceded by https://dx.doi.org/.

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