IN-TEXT CITATIONS APA Style uses parenthetical, author-date citations. After a quote, add parentheses containing the author's name, the year of publication, and the page number of the work.
- Smith (2006) argues “...” (p. 112).
- This is described as, “…” (Smith, 2006, pp. 112-4).
Text of 40 words or longer is placed in a text block without quotes with an indentation of 1/2" from the left margin.
Summary or Paraphrase
- Smith (2006) suggested this too.
- This fact has been stated... (Smith, 2006)
- More than one author with same last name: P. L. Smith (2003) and J. M. Smith (2005)
- More than one author in text : Smith and Lee agree that (2006)
- More than one author in reference: Studies suggest... (Smith & Long, 2006).
- Critics agree ... (Smith, 2006; Lee, 2004).
- More than one work by same author published the same year
- The evidence suggests ... (Smith, 2006a; Smith, 2006b; Smith, 2006c)
- Smith (2006a) believes ...
Last Name, F. M. (YEAR). Title of book. Location: Publisher.
Bickle, M. C. (2011). Fashion marketing: theory, principles, & practice. New York: Fairchild Books.
Kemp-Gatterson, B., & Stewart, B. L. (2009). Apparel: concepts and practical applications. New York: Fairchild Books.
Three to seven authors
Aguiar, L. M., Tomic, P., & Trumper, R. (2019). Apparel: concepts and practical applications. New York: Fairchild Books.
Last Name, F. M., Last Name 2, F. M., & Last Name 3, F. M. (YEAR). Title of article. Title of Periodical, Volume Number(Issue Number), page numbers. Retrieved from . . .
Fonjong, L. (2001). Fostering women’s participation in development through non-governmental efforts in Cameroon. The Geographical Journal, 167(3), 223-234. Retrieved from http://www.wiley.com/bw/journal.asp?ref=0016-7398
Zhang, H., & Merikangas, K. (2000). A frailty model of segregation analysis: Understanding the familial transmission of alcoholism. Biometrics, 56(3), 815-823. Retrieved from http://www.biometrics.tibs.org/
Three to seven authors
Skov, M. W., Hartnoll, R. G., Ruwa, R. K., Shunula, J. P., Vannini, M., & Cannicci, S. (2005). Marching to a different drummer: Crabs synchronize reproduction to a 14-month lunar-tidal cycle. Ecology, 86(5), 1164-1171. Retrieved from http://www.esajournals.org/loi/ecol
When citing an entire website, it is sufficient to give the address of the website in the text of your paper. Example: The Jack C. Taylor Library homepage presents a wealth of resources to help students meet their research needs (http://www.library.fontbonne.edu/home).
Article on a Website
Name of website. (Date). Title of individual article. Retrieved month day year, from URL
Wetlands Restoration Project. (2003). Atlantic global marsh thrives under new protection. Retrieved April 21, 2013, from http://www.wetlands.org/atlantic_global_marsh.html
YouTube Video / Video Blog Post**
Lustig, R. H. (2009, July 30). Sugar: The bitter truth [Video file]. Retrieved April 21, 2013, from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dBnniua6-oM
**If author’s full name is not provided, you can use the screenname of the person posting the video.
Greenslate, C., & Leonard, K. (2009, October 10). Stephanie Smith, differences in aid, and Paul Farmer [Web log post]. Retrieved April 21, 2013, from http://onedollardietproject.wordpress.com/
Coulter, D. (Producer). (2009, October 7). Microwaving water from moondust @NASA. Podcast. [Audio podcast]. Retrieved April 21, 2013, from http://science.nasa.gov
For more see: How to Cite Something You Found on a Website in APA Style.